Kannabishimo, ahdistus ja kannabista käyttävät kaverit pitävät yllä kannabisongelmaa

Julia D. Buckner et al,
Immediate antecedents of marijuana use: An analysis from ecological momentary
a b s t r a c t
Background and objectives:
Marijuana remains the most commonly used illicit substance. Marijuana
craving, anxiety, and peer marijuana use are thought to play important roles in the etiology and
maintenance of marijuana use. The present study aimed to identify patterns between marijuana use and
these affective and situational risk factors in the natural environment.
The sample consisted of 49 current marijuana users (38.8% female), 63.2% of whom evinced
a current cannabis use disorder. Ecological momentary assessment was used to collect multiple daily ratings of marijuana craving, state anxiety, and peer marijuana use over two weeks.
Mixed effects linear models were used to examine within- and between-day antecedents, correlates,and consequences of marijuana use.
Between-day analyses indicated that marijuana use days were associated with higher marijuana
craving but lower state anxiety. Within-day analyses confirmed that marijuana craving was higher prior
to marijuana use and lower following use.
Anxiety was related to marijuana craving. Although anxiety was somewhat higher prior to marijuana use, it did not decrease significantly following use. The vast majority of marijuana use occurred when others were also using marijuana.
The sample was comprised of college students, a group at particular risk for marijuana use
and use-related problems. Future work is necessary to determine whether results generalize to other
These data support the contention that marijuana craving, anxiety, and peer use play
important roles in the maintenance of marijuana use.
J.D. Buckner 648 et al. / J. Behav. Ther. & Exp. Psychiat. 43 (2012) 647-655